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The Benz patent motorcar – forerunner of all motor vehicles
OverviewA new driving sensation – Mercedes-Benz F 200 ImaginationAuto 2000 – testing of different drive systemsFour cars in one – Mercedes-Benz Vario Research CarFrom idea to finished research carHigh-speed car with Wankel engine - Mercedes-Benz C 111Mercedes-Benz F 700 for traveling in all comfortNAFA – the short-distance vehiclePaving the way to the future – Mercedes-Benz F 500 MindPerformance at its best – Mercedes-Benz C 112Powerful, comfortable, non-pollutant – Mercedes-Benz F 600 HYGENIUSPrefaceSafe driving pleasure – Mercedes-Benz F 400 CarvingTaking its clues from nature – Mercedes-Benz bionic carTechnology pure – Mercedes-Benz F 100The Benz patent motorcar – forerunner of all motor vehiclesThe curve master – F 300 Life JetThe future of powertrain engineering – the Mercedes-Benz F 800 StyleThe Future of the Original: The Research Cars of Mercedes-BenzThe research cars of Mercedes-Benz
- Carl Benz invented the first automobile as a completely new concept
- Both a research car and series product at the same time
Carl Benz was fascinated by things technical. As early as 1877, he applied himself to designing stationary internal combustion engines as a substitute for the steam engine. But he soon discovered that these drives were suited for more than just stationary use. The idea of the self-propelled vehicle – the automobile – took shape. Before long, Benz realised that it was not enough to simply install an engine in a horse-drawn carriage and declare it an automobile. Applying classic engineering methods, he recognised the limitations of the existing art and created innovative technology: a horizontal petrol-powered single-cylinder four-stroke engine, the electric ignition, the clutch, the carburetor, the radiator, a kind of gearshift and a differential for the two driven wheels.
Equipped with these items, the first motor car rolled out in 1885. It was not merely a modified carriage, but a wholly new design for which Carl Benz registered a patent on January 29, 1886. This motor car was the first automobile in the history of Daimler AG, and it was sold in small numbers.
At the same time, it was the first research car in corporate history, for the motives that incited Carl Benz to build his car remain unchanged for every present-day research car from Daimler AG. Each represents bold thinking far ahead into the future, combining several innovative technologies and making them experienceable. At the same time the technologies get tested and are introduced to the public. This was true for the Benz Patent Motor Car, and it holds for the latest research car.